Evolution entails that there was no Fall, and thus no need for Christ.
Although evolution is not in principle inconsistent with the idea that there was a unique couple from which all of humanity descended, the actual scientific record of the history of life seems to indicate that this did not actually happen. So, it appears true that science, even if not evolution itself, has shown that a literal Fall of Adam and Eve did not take place. However, it is difficult to see why this would entail that there is no need for Christ.
Assuming the coherence of the notion of sin and of the idea that Jesus can redeem people from their sins, there would seem to be need for Jesus whether or not there was a literal Fall. Anyone who has sinned is in need of redemption, regardless of whether or not some distant ancestor of theirs has sinned. If one takes the story of the Fall of Adam and Eve not as a literal historical event, but as an allegory for the tendency (as strong as you wish) for people to sin, then one can even reconcile that particular ancient Hebrew myth with science. Whether one ought to do so is another question, but it certainly seems a more reasonable option than rejecting or distorting science. Either way, the need for Christ does not hang in the balance.
Last updated: 16 Feb 2016
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